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1 edition of Ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near East found in the catalog.

Ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near East

Ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near East

an international programme

by

  • 300 Want to read
  • 32 Currently reading

Published by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ecological Management of Arid and Semi-Arid Rangelands Programme.,
  • Range management -- Africa -- Congresses.,
  • Range management -- Middle East -- Congresses.,
  • Arid regions -- Africa -- Congresses.,
  • Arid regions -- Middle East -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Microfiche.

    Statementreport of an expert consultation held in Rome, 27-31 May 1974, with the support of the United Nations Environment Programme.
    GenreCongresses.
    ContributionsUnited Nations Environment Programme., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination2 sheets (viii, 51 p.) ;
    Number of Pages51
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22034208M

    A region is arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. Environments subject to arid climates tend to lack vegetation and are called xeric or "arid" climates straddle the Equator; these places include parts of Africa, Asia, South America, Central America, and. ‣Rangelands are usually semi-arid to arid and include grasslands, tundra, scrublands, coastal scrub, alpine areas, and savanna. ‣ Rangelands cover about 50% of the Earth’s land surface. ‣ Rangelands are often used for grazing livestock, but because they often occur in low rainfall areas they do not regenerate quickly. Managing Rangelands ‣ Grasses grow continuously from a meristem. Recently published articles from Journal of Arid Environments. Recently published articles from Journal of Arid Environments. Dating an advanced agriculture system near the site of Shivta, Negev Desert, Israel. June Socio-ecological assessment of threats to semi-arid rangeland habitat in Iran using spatial models and actor group.


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Ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near East Download PDF EPUB FB2

Vol. 7 has title: Ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands of Africa, the Near and Middle East (EMASAR, phase II). "Prepared as part of a cooperative project of the United Nations Environment Programme with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as cooperating agency.".

and problems in East Africa. Limitations The sample includes primarily references dealing with ecological research in East Africa, that is Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Uganda.

Ecologically, the coverage has been restricted to terrestrial and, more particularly, arid and semi-arid environments. Thus, marine. Section II: Ecology and Management of the World's Semi-Arid Regions Chapter 1. Cattle Ranching in the Semi-Arid Savannas of East and Southern Africa Introduction The Environment Present Land-Use and Production Methods The Management of Semi-arid Savanna for Cattle Production Conclusion References Chapter 2.

Game Ranching in Africa IntroductionFormat: Ebook. Ecological Monitoring of Arid Rangelands using Micro- UAVs (drones) Statement of the Problem: Arid rangelands throughout the Middle East / North Africa (MENA) region are currently managed without clear information of long term trends in vegetation, stocking rates, or ecological : David Gallacher.

Overgrazing by livestock is the principal land problem in the arid and semi-arid regions, coupled with land use change to cultivated farmland in the many countries (Barrow ). The rangelands of southern Ethiopia until four decades ago were considered as the finest rangeland in East Africa (Coppock, ).

Arid Land Research and Management. Impact Factor. Search in: Advanced search. Submit an article. New Comparison of grass and soil conditions around water points in different land use systems in semi-arid South African rangelands and implications for management and current rangeland paradigms.

Simanga Siyabulela, Solomon. of sustainable rangeland production in arid and semi-arid areas is effective soil water management.

Effective sustainable water management in a ecosystem is based on the. The definition of Arid and Semi-Arid follows the Agro-Ecological Zones classification of FAO, and elaborated by Jätzhold et al in the Farm Management Handbook of Kenya.

In its simplified form it combines temperature and available moisture. Temperature in the map units directly relate to altitude, which makes the system less reliableFile Size: 1MB.

Definitions • Drylands cover approximately 40% of the world’s land area, and support two billion people, 90% of whom live in developing countries.

These areas receive relatively low overall amounts of precipitation in the form of rainfall or snow (UN, ; MEA ). Dry areas (arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid zones) cover 52 million square kilometres — more than one third of the globe's land surface. Most of this is rangeland, where annual winter rainfall is less than millimetres, or desert, where it is less than millimetres.

woody parameters in rangeland condition rating can be useful in evaluating rangelands. In arid and semi-arid rangelands heavy grazing pressure and climatic factor such as elevation can influence forage production and shift composition (Amsalu and Barrs, ; Gemedo-Dalle et al.,).

surveys based upon sound ecological basis performed by expert range specialists and managers. Introduction The arid and semi-arid rangelands of the world are the lands between cropping zones and the deserts.

They are too rocky, often have shallow soils, expand under harsh. The semi-arid zones of the world are fragile ecosystems which are being sub­ stantially modified by the activities of mankind.

Increasing human populations have resulted in greater demands on semi-arid zones for providing human susten­ ance and the possibility that this may enhance desertification Format: Paperback.

However, agricultural managers presently consider that changes in vegetation community structure, notably a gradual increase in bush dominance and changes in the mix of palatable and unpalatable grasses, are the main threat to sustainable cattle production on many semi-arid rangelands (Warren and Agnew, ; Dougill and Cox, ).Cited by: Recent ecological studies in semi-arid rangelands have shown that developing sustainable agriculture will depend on an improved understanding of the spatial and temporal varia-bility characterizing semi-arid ecosystems (Behnkeet al., ; Scoones, ).

Ecologi-cal reviews (e.g., Scholes and Walker, ; Belsky, ) portray semi-arid. Pastoralism was for many years the traditional land use in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) zone of Kenya. These rangelands comprise about 85% of the country and accommodate around 28% of the total human population.

Livestock products form the primary source of food for these pastoral populations. Vegetation structure changes in arid and semi-arid rangelands in Iran. Amiri F, Arzani H. Ecologic management of livestock grazing in rangelands, Islamic Azad University of Boshehr press, Abdelrahim A, Abdalla N.

Searching for new indigenous species to help in the reclamation of arid zones is of the utmost importance.

An ecological criterion was used to identify potential plant species for reclamation of degraded arid rangelands of southern Africa. Tripteris sinuatum and Sutherlandia microphylla were identified as possible : Daniel Barend Venter. GUIDELINES FOR GOOD FORESTRY PRACTICES IN THE NEAR EAST ARID AND SEMI-ARID ZONES A.

TABLE OF CONTENT B. LIST OF ACRONYMS C. FOREWORD D. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I. SETTING THE STAGE: OVERRIDING NATURAL RESOURCES RELATED FUNDAMENTALS IN THE NEAR EAST REGION The experts meeting to launch the preparation of these guidelines have.

Drought, change and resilience in South Africa’s arid and semi-arid rangelands Susanne Vetter Introduction Droughts are a frequent occurrence in South Africa’s arid and semi-arid rangelands and can have severe ecological and economic consequences.1 While these may be short-term and followed by recovery during subsequent years of higher rain.

83 Chapter 3 MANAGEMENT OF THE SEMI-ARID AND ARID RANGELANDS OF AUSTRALIA A.D. WILSON and R. GRAETZ CSIRO, Division of Land Resources Management, Deniliquin, N.S.W. (Australia) INTRODUCTION The arid and semi-arid lands of Australia cover the vast central area of the continent, extending to the western and southern coasts and comprising V Fig.

by: Resources Management and Policy Commons, and the Other Earth Sciences Commons Recommended Citation Burnside, D, Holm, A, Payne, A, and Wilson, G.

(), Reading the rangeland: a guide to the arid shrublands of Western Australia. Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia, Perth. by: the agricultural potential in arid and semi-arid lands in _ // kenya: a case of masongaleni settlement scheme by joseph matuu mutinda b.a (hons), a thesis submitted in part fulfilment of the degree of master of arts (planning) of the university of nairobi.

september, Responses of forage production to precipitation, but not foliar and basal cover, were similar for the three semi-arid ecosystems.

Total forage production was more responsive (75–%) than basal (8–35%) or foliar (2–29%) cover to increasing by: Section 3 selects a definition for the semi-arid areas in Tanzania, and identifies the two distinct semi-arid resource zones that follow from this definition.

Difficulties associated with the non-alignment of the semi-arid areas and the administrative areas are flagged. A demographic sketch is provided based. EMASAR stands for Ecological Management of Semi-Arid Rangelands in Africa, the Near East, and Middle East.

EMASAR is defined as Ecological Management of Semi-Arid Rangelands in Africa, the Near East, and Middle East very rarely. The Socio-economic and Ecological Impacts of Small-scale Irrigation Schemes on Pastoralists and Drylands in Northern Kenya Diress, T.

A., D. Nyariki, and K. Farah. Changing land use systems and socio-economic roles of vegetation in semi-arid Africa: The case of. Milton, S.J. and M.T. Hoffman. The application of state-and-transition models to rangeland research and management in arid succulent and semi-arid grassy Karoo, South Africa.

Journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa 11(1): 18– Google ScholarCited by: Perspectives and processes in revegetation of arid and semiarid rangelands.

Range revegetation research has been dominated by empirical studies that provide some information about what works or does not work under a given set of conditions, but tell us little or nothing about the underlying ecological. Milton, S.J. and M.T. Hoffman.

The application of state-and-transition models to rangeland research and management in arid succulent and semi-arid grassy Karoo, South Africa. Journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa 11(1): 18– Google ScholarCited by: Water management and planning in a semi-arid country: the South African situation J.

Visser & S.-A. Verhoog Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa Abstract South Africa is a semi-arid country in which the average rainfall is well below the world average of about mm per year.

Stream flow in South African. From inside the book. What people are saying Africa agricultural allow amount annual rainfall application arid Australia bank basin beds built bunds capacity catchment channel clay climate collecting conservation construction contour countries crop cultivation Soil and Water Conservation in Semi-arid Areas Issue 57 of FAO soils.

Climate-related hazards are a serious threat to Kenya’s development. Agriculture, the mainstay of the Kenyan economy, is predominantly rain-fed, making it highly vulnerable to climate change.

Droughts are the most common disasters affecting Kenya. The majority of the major shortfalls in food supply recorded have been associated with rainfall deficits.

Banded Vegetation Patterning in Arid and Semiarid Environments: Ecological Processes and Consequences for Management (Ecological Studies) st Edition by David J. Tongway (Editor), Christian Valentin (Editor), Josiane Seghieri (Editor), J.-C.

Author: David J. Tongway. The semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas of West Africa experience strong inter-annual and inter-decadal climate variability. The region also has a high exposure to dry spells and drought and over the past 50 years there has been significant land degradation, which exacerbates impacts of extreme climate events.

unfavourable ecological conditions and to the existing social environment. Leguminou s species and agroforestry techniques represent potential methods to optimize the use of fertilizers and other external inputs.

Unfortunately, these agronomic techniques alone a re insufficient for sustainable development of semi-arid Africa. Socio-economic. The overall objectives of the project are to: (a) conserve the arid land adapted animal and plant biodiversity of the transboundary range and grazing lands common to Mozambique, Zambia, and Zimbabwe by improving community-based resource management; and (b) improve the quality of rural livelihoods through diversified and sustainable natural resource use and biodiversity protection.

Rangeland Ecology, Forage and Management The productivity of all the rangelands of South Africa has been deteriorating as a result of inter alia desertification, bush encroachment and the loss of palatable plant species.

assessing diet selection and resource partitioning amongst livestock in semi-arid rangelands. Project Methods Because semi-arid rangeland ecosystems often exhibit nonlinear dynamics, we will use the state-and-transition model theory as a conceptual underpinning to study plant community attributes and key ecological processes involving C, N and water.

C, N and water processes will be studied to provide insight into potential mechanisms that govern changes between states of. Kenya: Country situation assessment 3 Acknowledgements I would like to thank Professor Pius Yanda, Director, Centre for Climate Change Studies, University of Dar es Salaam and Co-principal Investigator for Pathways to Resilience in Semi-arid Economies (PRISE), for accepting me to undertake this Kenya Country Situation Analysis (CSA) Size: 1MB.

environmental conditions. Key Words: seedbed ecology, succession, simulation modeling, competition, vegetation structure Rangeland revegetation emerged as an applied science in the U.S.

about years ago, following a noticeable downward trend in range condition associated with .UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS LAND USE, LAND COVER AND SOIL SCIENCES – Vol.

VII – Soils of Arid and Semi-Arid Areas - Willy Verheye ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) CaCO + H CO Ca + 2HCO Ca(HCO) 3 32↔↔ (2) 2NaX + CaSO CaX + Na SO↔ (3) Na SO +10H O Na SOH O24 2 2 4 2↔ (4) Because the wetting front is limited to the upper part of the File Size: KB.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH VOLUME 4, IS AUGUST ISSN IJSTR© Assessing Rangeland Attributes On Semi-Arid Zone Of North Darfur State, Sudan Mohamed Almontasir A.

M. Mohamed, Abdelhafeez A. M. Yeddi, Mohammed AbdelkreimAuthor: Mohamed Almontasir A. M. Mohamed, Abdelhafeez A. M. Yeddi, Mohammed Abdelkreim.